Hello friends, in this post we are going to talk about spellcasting, What is spell, casting time, and Components, so lets starts the post
WHAT IS SPELL
Spells are the discrete Magical Effect, a single shaping of the magical energies that suffuse the multiverse into a specific, limited expression.
CASTING A SPELL:
When a characters cast any spell, the same basice rules are followeed, regardless of the character’s class or the Spell’s Effects.
Each Spell description begins with a block of information, including the spell’s Name, level, School of Magic, Casting Time, Range, Components, and Duration. The rest of a Spell entry descibes the Spell’s Effect.
Most Spell require a single action to cast, but some Spells require a Bonus Action, a Reaction, or much more time to cast.
A Spell cast with a Bonus Action is especially swift. You must use a Bonus Action on You Turn to Cast the Spell, provided that you haven’t alrady taken a Bonus Action this turn.
You can’t cast another spell during the same turn, except for a cantrip with a Casting Time of 1 action.
Some Spell can be cast as Reactions.
These Spell take a fraction of a second to bring about and are cast in response to some event.
If a spell can be cast as a Reaction, the spell description tells you exactly when you can do so.
LONGER CASTING TIME:
Certainn spells (including Spell Cast as rituals) require more time to cast:
minutes or even hourse.
When you cast a Spell with a Casting Time longer than a singel action or Reaction, you must spend your action each turn casting the spell, and you must maintain your concentration while you do so (see “Comcemtration” below).
If your concentration is broken, the spell fails, but don’t expend a spell slot. If you want to try casting the spell again, you must start over.
The target of a spell must be within the spell’s range. For a spell like Magic Missile, the target is a creature.
For a spell like fireball, the target is the point in space where the ball of fire erupts.
Most Spells have ranges expressed in feet. Some Spells can target only a creature that you touch. Other Spells, such as the Shield spell, affect only you. These Spells have a range of self.
Spells that create cones or lines of Effect that originate from you also have a range of self, indicating that the Origin Point of the Spell’s Effectmust be you (See ” Area of Effect”).
Once a spell is cast, its Effects aren’t limited by its range, unless the spell’s description saye otherwise.
A Spell’s Components are the physical requirements you must meet in order to cast it.
Each Spell’s description indicates whether it requires Verbal(V), Somatic(S), or Material(M) Components. If you can’t provide one or more of a spell’s Components, you are unable to cast the spell.
Most Spells require the chanting of mystic words. The words themselves aren’t the source of the spell’s power; rather, the particular combination of sounds, with specific pitch and resonance, sets the threads of magic in
Thus, a characters who is gangged or in an area of Silence, such as one created by the Silence spell, can’t cast a spell with a verbal component..
Spellcasting gestures might include a forceful gesticulation or an intricate set of gestures. If a spell requries a somatic component, the caster must have free use of at least on hand to perform these gestures.
Casting some Spells requires particular Objects, specified in parentheses in the component entry.
A character can use a components pouch or a Spellcasting Focus (Found in “Equipment”) in place of the components specified for a spell.
But if a cost is indicated for a component, a character must have that specific component before he or she can cast the spell.
If a spell states that a material components is consumed by the spell, the caster must provide this component for each castinh of the spell.
A spellcaster must have a hand free to access a spell’s material components-or to hold a Spellcasting focus-but it can be the same hand that he or she uses of perform somatic Components.
A Spell’s Duration is the lenth of time the spell perists. A Durationcan be expressed in rounds, minutes, hours, or even year.
Some Spellsspecify that their Effect last untill the Spells are dispelled or destroyed.
Many Spells are instantaneous. The spell harms, heals, creates, or alters a creature or an object in a way that can’t be dispelled, because its magic exists only for an instant.
Some Spells require you to maintain Concentration in order to keep their magic active. If you lose Concentration, such a spell ends.
If a spell must be maintained with Concentration, that fact appears in it’s Duration entry, and he spell specifies how long you can concentration on it. You can end concentration at any time (no action requried).
Normal activity, such as moving and
attacking, doesn’t interfere with concentration. The following factors can break concentration:
- Casting another spell that requires Concentration. You lose Concentration on a spell if you cast another spell that requrie Concentration. You can’t concentration on two spellsat once.
- Taking damage. Whenever you take damage while you are concentration on a spell, you must make a Constitution saving throw to maintain your Concentration.
The DC equals 10 or half the damage you take, whichever number is higher. If you take damage from multiple sources, such as an arrow and a dragon’s breath, you make a separate saving throw for each source of damage.
Being Incapacitated or killed. You lose Concentration on a spell if you are incapcitated or if you die.
A Typical spell requries you to pick one or more Targets to be affected by the spell’s magic.
A spell’s description tells you whether the spell Target creatures, objects, or a point of Origin for an area of effect.
A CLEAR PATH TO THE TARGET:
To target something, you must have a clear path to it, so it can’t be behind total cover.
If you place an area of Effect at a point that you can’t see and an obstruction, such as a well, is between you and that point, the point of origin comes into being on the near side of that obstruction.
AREAS OF EFFECT:
Spells such as Burning Handa and Cone of Cold cover an area, allowing them to affect multiple creatures at once.
A spell’s description specifies its area of effect, which typically has one of five diffrent shapes: Cone, Cube, Cylinder, line, or Sphere.
Every area of Effect has a point of Origin, a Location from which the Spell’s energy erupts. The rules for each shape specify how you position its point of Origin.
Typically, a point of Origin is a point in space, but some spells have an area whose origin is a creature or an objects.
CONE: A Cone extends in a direction you choose from its point of Origin. A cone’s width at a given point along its length is equal to that point’s distance from the point of Origin.
A cone’s area of Effect specifies its maximum length. A cone’s point of Origin is not include in the cone’s area of effect, unless you decide otherwise.
CUBE: You select a cube’s points of Origin, which lines anywhere on a face of the cube effect.
The cube’s size is expressed as the length of each side. A cube’s area of effect, unlesa you decide otherwise.
CYLINDER: A cylinder’s point of Orign is the Center of a circle of a particular redius, as given in the spell description. The Circle must either be on the ground or at the height of the spell effect.
The energy in a Cylinder expands in straight line from the point of Origin to the perimeter of The Circle, forming the base of Cylinder.
The Spell’s Effect then shoots up from the base or down from the top, to a distance equal to the height of the Cylinder.
LINE: A Line extends from it’s point of Origin in a straight path up to length and covers an area defined by its width.
A line’s points of Origin is not included in the line’s area of Effect, unless you decided otherwise.
SPHERE: You select a sphere’s point of Origin, and the Sphere extends outward from that point. The sphere’s size is expressed as a radius in feet that extends from the point.
A sphere’s point of Origin is included in the sphere’s area of Effect.
Many Spells specify that a target can make a saving throw to avoid some or all of a spell’s Effects. The spell specifies the ability that the target uses for the save and what happens on a success or failure.
The DC to resist one of your spellsequals 8+ your Spellcasting ability Modifier+Your Proficiency Bonus+any Special modifiers.
Some Spells requrie the caster to make an Attack rolls to determine whether the spell Effect hits the intended target.
Your Attack equals your Spellcasting Ability Modifier+ Your Proficiency Bonus.
Most Spells that require Attack Rollsinvolve Ranged Attacks. Remember that you have disadavngage on a ranged Attack roll if you are within 5 feet of a Hostile creature that can see you and that isn’t incapacitated.
So, in this chapter we coverd Casting Time full detail explaned, range, targets and their components.
And another next chapter we will discussing School of magic and also Magical effects. Thankyou for visiting.